Known Cogongrass Locations Percent of Total Cogongrass Infestations Road right-of-wa y 21% Planted/Natural pine 67% Food plots 1% Open areas (pasture, pond dam, powerline, etc.) Silver beardgrass [Bothriochloa saccharoides (Sw.) Rydb; Syn. There are only a few localized benefits of cogon grass. 3 0 obj Do not apply imazapyr herbicides within two times the dripline of any desirable vegetation. Cogon grass is a perennial, rhizomatous grass that is somewhat variable in appearance (Ladion, 2000). Making paper using cogon grass is a way to productively use the invasive weed. It is considered to be an invasive species in 73 countries and one of the “Top 10 Worst Weeds in the World.” Cogongrass has several common names, including Japanese bloodgrass, Red Baron, or Speargrass. However, silver beardgrass is smaller, forms clumps rather than dense stands, and flowers in summer. endobj Like most perennial grass weeds, cogon grass is easiest to tackle when the stand is young -- no more than one or two seasons old. These include use for thatch, forage, erosion control, paper making, and bedding material for livestock. <>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/MediaBox[ 0 0 595.32 841.92] /Contents 4 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 0>> Cogongrass is a perennial grass that varies greatly in appearance. Leaves. Grass pressing (i.e. Uses, Benefits, Cures, Side Effects, Nutrients in Imperata Cylindrica. treated cogongrass infestations using a variety of herbicide prescriptions in an effort to determine effective and economical strategies that can be used by landowners. Weeds, especially the Cogon Grass grows all around the world, including the country of the Philippines. lodging, rolling) is a simple, low-cost technique that is used to control the growth of I. cylindrica. It costs millions each year to control in Florida¹. N. Van Loan - Florida Division of Forestry, Forest Health Section, Gainesville, Florida, USA,. Cogongrass has a unique combination of characteristics that make field identification possible. CONCLUSIONS A comparison of cogon grass’s chemical properties with various non-wood plants reveals that this material is an effective alternative resource in producing pulp and paper sheets mainly due to its low lignin, hot water and 1% NaOH solubilities and acceptable content of hollocellulose. Publication Author Usher. G. Publisher Constable Year 1974 ISBN 0094579202 Description Forget the sexist title, this is one of the best books on the subject. Cogongrass (Imperata cylindrica) is an invasive, non-native grass that occurs in the Southeast region of the United States. It can be used to clear areas for planting and as part of an integrated approach to enable the establishment of legume ground covers (IRRI/ NRI, 1996; ICRAF, 1999). Most native grasses that resemble cogongrass flower well after plants have turned green, rather than immediately after greenup. Each cogongrass plant can produce up to 3,000 seeds per season. 1 0 obj In this study, it refers to the capability of cogon grass to be used as a material for paper making. We provide active leadership in forest protection, management, inventory, and information distribution, necessary for Mississippi’s sustainable forest economy. Cogongrass has several common names, including Japanese bloodgrass, Red Baron, or Speargrass. The feasibility of cogon grass (Imperata cylindrica) as a substitute for cardboard food packaging was studied in this research project. Cogongrass affects pine productivity and survival, wildlife habitat, recreation, native plants, fire behavior, site management costs, and more. Cogongrass is typically spread by wind, vehicles, equipment, animals, and contaminated soil. Because Arsenal and Roundup are nonselective, applications may damage nearby desirable vegetation. It has become established in the southeastern United States within the last fifty years, with Alabama, Mississippi, and Florida having extensive acreage of roadway and pasture infested with cogongrass. ��+h�o�(���[��i�=��E $��_ 5{P!$� ����}�J�MumeU�H�N…I@s2�c�h[@�%��n�������W�@�г�5�x�-��|7FЄ~ In this study, cogon grass was made as a material in paper making. Cogongrass (Imperata cylindrica) is an invasive, non-native grass that occurs in the Southeast region of the United States. Cogongrass (Imperata cylindrica (L.) Beauv. Young infestations are usually easier to control than older well-established infestations. Why is cogon grass invasive? Flowers typically occur at the top of the stem and are easily identified by silvery or whitish, silky hairs attached to the seed that create the appearance of a feathery plume. kunai. An unusual characteristic of cogongrass is its flowering pattern. It figuratively means that the individual is unable to maintain the quality of his/her work any better than a Cogon grass … Since Arsenal remains in the soil for long periods, its effectiveness on cogongrass and other plants may continue up to a year after application. Unfortunately, this weed continues to spread. It can eliminate toxins. Currently, there is no single treatment that effectively eliminates cogongrass infestations. In Florida alone, it has spread to more than a million acres. In the Midsouth and other southern states, cogongrass usually occurs in non-cultivated sites, including pastures, orchards, fallow fields, forests, parks, natural areas, and highways, electrical utility, pipeline, and railroad rights-of-way. 2 0 obj For newer patches, tillage can eliminate cogongrass from an area if continued during the course of a growing season. Over time cogon grass may significantly impact management and productivity of pines on infested sites. Mississippi is under attack from one of the top 10 most invasive weeds in the world. %PDF-1.5 <> Cogon grass (Imperata cylindrica). Broadcasting or drilling Roundup Ready soybeans into cogongrass, followed by glyphosate applications, has been a very effective control method. endobj Herbicide applications made to cogongrass in the fall are generally more effective than those made other times of the year, making this is a great time of year for a quick review on cogongrass identification and control strategies. endobj Internal systems access and information for current MFC employees. A Dictionary of Plants Used by Man. Lists a very extensive range of useful plants from around the world with very brief details of the uses. Cogongrass can also flower following frost, fire, mowing, tillage, or other disturbances. Not for the casual reader., While these two things are responsibilities of the MFC, they are not the only things the agency is involved in. Young leaves appear light green, while older leaves turn orange-brown. Photo by Charles T. Bryson, courtesy of Bugwood.org. 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